Killing people with its deadly effects of respiratory disorder, this is what is called the swine flu. A kind of Influenza that is caused to pigs by the H1N1 virus and is transformed through air to infect other beings. Pigs suffering from this viral disorder suffer with barking cough, decreased appetite, nasal secretions and listless behavior. Viruses are believed to be a kind of microbe that quite fast infect living beings interrupting their protein synthesis. Rather these viruses mutate to increase their population which makes them easy to get transmitted. In the year 2009 this infectious disease out broke globally with the infection from H1N1 virus and first was first monitored in Mexico. As per medical research it is quite confirmed that the transmission of the disease leads to interfere with the production of anti bodies and the blood cells. People coming in contact with the pigs are going to have a boost with the swine flu infection.
Sources of the disease –
This contagious disease is because of the HINI that is closely associated with the pigs and most of the time is resulting with cross – species infections. Most of the time people initiate the infection with cough and cold and then to sneeze, this is what will spray the tiny drops of the virus through the air. Other than that people consuming Bacon, Ham or any sort of pork product are going to suffer from Swine Flu.
Symptoms of Swine Flu –
Patients are being diagnosed with H1N1 infection through various tests like that of Rapid Flu test. Still there are certain symptoms that a common man must know and stay aware with –
- Sore throat
- Stuffy or running nose
- Body aches
- Chills and shivering
Further in more serious complications this may include Pneumonia and Respiratory failure. For those suffering from diabetes or asthma or any kind of kidney disorder are likely to get dumpiness of breath, ruthless vomiting, abdominal pain, dizziness.
For the cause of the swine flu is the influenza virus (H1N1) that are enveloped RNA viruses that exist with 8 different segments in the flu virus.
Diagnosis process –
To test for the infection of Swine flu, the doctors and physicians collect the patient’s sample from throat and nose. Then this sample is taken for test with biochemical and molecular level tests like that of –
- Polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR tests)
- PCR sub typing tests
- Rapid antigen testing
For those who are suspected to be infected with swine flu the samples must be tested with PCR or Rapid antigen testing under BSL- 2 conditions. For other samples the manipulations must be done within a bio- safety cabinet.